Choosing a Lathe Machine

Lathe machines are machines built to serve a specific purpose and even though there’s a lot of variety to choose from, you really must choose the one that suits your needs the best. The average hobbyist will likely be best off with a mini lathe, which has a limited scope of operations but can be very useful for small and personal projects. These are mainly used by beginners who are testing the waters for turning out shapes and designs.

Whilst these mini lathes are not at all suited for professional lathe projects, those who want to make a slower transition to bigger lathe machines do have options to upgrade their mini lathe machines. These upgrades add functionality like variable speeds, arms etc. This also makes sense for those who want more out of their machine without spending a lot of money for a new and bigger machine.

However, there is a limit to how much a basic lathe machine can be upgraded, so it is advisable that professionals who have discovered the power of a lathe machine upgrade to as big a lathe as they possibly can. This is meant for those craftsmen who can see a long future of them using the lathe machine. For those who are unsure of how long they will use one or those who are on a tight budget, there are mid segment lathe machines that usually have a size between 12×34 and 16×36. They cost in between $400-600 and offer enough features and sturdiness for the professional craftsman without burning a hole through his pocket.

There are a few things to consider before jumping in and buying the cheapest or the biggest machine out there for your budget. You need consider the spindle you are getting. The spindle is the core to the operations of lathe machines and they come in standard and non-standard sizes. The is usually a good idea to go for standard sizes like the 1″x8tpi spindles. The bed capacity is also important, as this will determine the size of material with which you can work. Variable speed is another aspect because most professionals prefer to work at different speeds while doing different things to the material. Like for sanding you would prefer a higher speed but for carving, you might want a medium to low speed depending on the detail you want to work in.

Be careful of cheap lathe machines because their parts are often non-standard and are hence very easy to replace. As with other power tools and hardware, buying from a reputed company is always advisable. If you are buying used machines, do not purchase without getting to check it out first. For used lathe machines, try to purchase locally from a shop you know. If you are buying over the Internet even, try to buy from somewhere nearby and pick it up yourself after checking it out properly. Again, keep in mind the purpose of your machine while making a purchase.

About CNC Lathe Machines

Now, there are multiple types of CNC machining process. All of them have different functionalities and operations; CNC turning uses a helix path to cut through the material, while CNC milling uses rotary cutters to remove excess material. All of them require specific machining tools that enable the workpiece to work do the desired work. CNC lathe is one such important tool. In fact, the lathe is seen as the pioneer for being the machine for metal cutting.

Sounds interesting, right? Let’s delve deep into the functioning, properties, and types of CNC lathe machine.

Introduction

A lathe machine is typically used for shaping the material into the desired form by removing the excess material from a given workpiece (generally cylindrical). Apart from serving as cutting and facing machine, a lathe is also used to perform complex operations such as knurling, deformation, metal spinning, woodturning, thermal spraying, metalworking and more.

According to machine historians, the manual lathe was first used by the reformers in the Ancient Egypt and Greece. The European nation widely utilized two-person lathe variety, with the former turning the workpiece (wood) and the latter cutting off the excess material with a single point cutting tool. With the Industrial Revolution came the modern lathe; advanced, fast, and better!

Main Parts of a CNC Lathe Machine

Before moving on to the functioning of a lathe machine, let’s quickly go through the primary components of a lathe machine:

1. Bed: As the name suggests, the bed of a lathe serves as the base of the whole machine where the different components are mounted. Generally heavily rigid in structure, the lathe beds are made from a 9:1 combination melting of toughened cast iron (semi-steel) and steel scrap. This method helps lathe bed to perform a sliding action easily.

While single-bed lathe machines are quite popular, we also get two-three pieced beds, pieces bolted together to meet the desired length. The beds have a high damping capacity to absorb the vibrations produced by the working machine.

2. Carriage: Used for mounting and moving the cutting tools, a carriage moves the tool horizontally and vertically on the bed for a smooth cutting process.

3. Chuck: A chuck is responsible for holding the workpiece. This component is attached to the spindle that rotates both the chuck and workpiece.

4. CNC Control Panel: The storage center of the machine, CNC control panel stores all the CNC programs and instructions. The CNC expert operates the machine by controlling the keys on the panel, instructing the machine to produce the desired results.

5. Headstock: This part functions as a holding device for the other components of the lathe like gear chain, spindle, driving pulley and more.

6. Main Spindle: The main feeding center of the machine. A stock is fed via the headstock.

7. Main Drive Motor: The drive motor helps rotate the chuck, thus driving the entire machine.

8. Tailstock: A tailstock is usually used to conduct drilling operations and support the system.

9. Tool Turret: A tool turret is used a tool carrier for the machine. The shape and the size of the turret are determined by the number of tools that’ll be mounted on them.

CNC Lathe Machine: How Does It Work?

As discussed in the last part, a typical lathe comprises of a bed, headstock, tailstock, chuck, tool turret, carriage and a spindle for feeding purposes. The following steps define how this particular machine works:

1. First Step: After checking the machine for the working faults, a cylindrical workpiece is attached to the chuck. Its position can differ as per requirement.

2. Second Step: We now set the spindle on the desired speed, thus rotating the chuck and the workpiece. Major attention needs to be paid on the spindle speed as any discrepancy can cause cutting errors. Check if the workpiece is turning properly.

3. Third Step: Now locate the cutting tool at the desired feed by moving the tool turret and carriage. Pay special attention to feeding speed.

4. Fourth Step: Remove all the excess metal by moving the carriage to get the finished product.

Types of Lathe Machines:

Just like every other machine, a lathe machine also has different varieties that are used to fulfill different work requirements. Let’s have a look at the major types of the CNC lathe machine:

Engine Lathes

Pretty popular amongst manufacturers, an engine lathe perfectly suitable for low-power operations. But that doesn’t mean that it cannot be used for high-power operations. This device is very reliable and versatile, operating on a wide range of speed & feed ratios. This type is perfect for manufacturers looking for a machine that works with different metals.

Centre Lathe

Centre lathe is a lathe type where the spindle speed is managed via a set of gears that are operated by using a lever.

Gap Bed Lathe

This type of lathe machine contains a removable bed section to accommodate the larger diameter of a workpiece, hence the name gap bed lathe. Generally, the part next to the headstock is removable.

Speed Lathes

A simpler version of a lathe machine, the speed lathe only has a headstock, tailstock, and tool turret. This type is generally used for light machine work as it can only operate in three or four speeds.

Bench Lathe

Smaller in size, a bench lathe can be mounted on a workbench for conducted lighter jobs.

Tool Room Lathes

This type is known for providing the best finishing. Tool-room lathe is highly versatile, working in a number of speeds and feeds.

Turret Lathes

A turret lathe is ideal for quick and sequential workings. With the tool holder in the vicinity, performing multiple operations on a single workpiece becomes several folds easier.

Special Purpose Lathes

These special purpose lathes are used to perform a heavy-duty production of identical parts. Some of the popular special purpose lathes include automatic lathes, crankshaft lathes, bench-type jewelers’ lathes, duplicating lathes, and multi-spindle lathes.

Tool Steel Forgings for You

Tool steel forgings have a wide variety of uses. This particular metal is an alloy of iron and contains variety of different elements. Some of the elements in steel include aluminum, nitrogen, oxygen, sulfur, phosphorus, manganese and silicon. This combination makes this metal one of the worlds’ strongest and most frequently used materials.

One of the main uses for tool steel forgings is to create machinery components and parts. These parts and components must be made of s material that is strong enough to withstand continuous impact. Some items made from this metal include trimmers, drill bits, end mills, wear plates, mining equipment and machinery mechanisms.

The building industry uses tool steel forgings in a multitude of ways. Bridges, railways and tunnels are made of metallic parts and many large commercial structures such as malls, skyscrapers and airports are no longer framed with lumber but metal. Residential construction also uses this metal for frames and reinforcement in apartment buildings, condos, townhouses and some single-family residences.

There are a number of other uses for tool steel forgings as well as the alloy itself. It is used in the building of appliances, including HVAC units, washers, dryers, dishwashers, refrigerators and water heaters. Trucks, trains, automobiles, ships and even spacecraft are made from these metals. It is also used to craft weaponry and armor. Pipes, pipelines and pipefittings are also made from this resilient material.

It takes a well-trained and experienced person to be able to craft products from this heavy metal. Metalworkers and artisans use a variety of tools to accomplish their work. These people also use a variety of tools to complete their jobs. Intense heat and the use of force are often needed to bend this metal into specific shapes.

There are a variety of industries that utilize these forgings. The defense industry, aerospace and aircraft industry, machinery builders, transportation and oil and gas exploration industries (just to name a few) all have different uses for this metal. The aerospace and aircraft industry make shafts, seals and spinners just to name a few products. In the defense industry the U.S. Navy and the U.S. Air Force are big users of this material.

Everyone has probably utilized something at some point that has been made with this metal or by using these tools. There are so many companies and industries that utilize this technology including paper, mining, pulp, on and offshore drilling, transportation and food processing industries. Products we use in everyday life are composed of this metal alloy and make our daily lives much more convenient.

Any company that produces tool steel forgings is trying to provide its customers with the best quality products and the lowest prices. Giving the fastest quotes with the quickest possible delivery is also important. All a customer needs to do is put in their request for their specific product and wait for their results.

Shoe Industry Steps Into Green Manufacturing

In a world where one individual can own up to fifty pairs of shoes, the footwear industry has begun to see the need to adopt eco-friendly practices. Shoe manufacturers are improving their production methods to reduce the size of the carbon footprint they leave behind. However, recognizing that green assembly is not enough, the industry has incorporated recycled and biodegradable materials into their production of eco-friendly footwear.

Eco-Friendly Shoe Manufacturing

In the late 19th century when factories sprung up in the United States, domestic footwear manufacturing boomed. Due to inexpensive overseas production practices in recent years, shoe manufacturers have largely vacated the U.S. However, the creation of green footwear is bringing some of that business back home.

Less Energy, More Profit

Shoe manufacturers can actually save money by going green! The following production practices are becoming more and more popular in manufacturing because of their ability to cut costs:

– Wind energy
– Solar energy
– Waste-to-energy conversion
– Energy conserving machinery

Environmentally Friendly Materials

The use of green textiles and post-consumer materials within eco-friendly footwear manufacturing has already made a significant impact on reducing the negative effects of the industry on the Earth. Around since the late 1800’s, St. Louis based Daniel Green Company is one American shoemaker keeping pace with the green times. Their women’s Callie and Kenzie slippers are made from 100% recycled wool, more eco-friendly styles are expected soon, energy use and material waste have been reduced in their manufacturing processes.

Green Textiles:

– Recycled Wool
– Recycled Polyester
– Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET)
– Organic Cotton
– Bamboo
– Hemp

Recycled Textiles

Making a shoe entirely out of recycled materials is nothing new. In 2008, Nike released its Trash Talk, the brand’s first-ever basketball sneaker made entirely from manufacturing waste.

Because the average textile mill consumes about 35 million kilowatts of electricity per hour, it is easy to see the benefit of reusing the materials that were initially produced. Some green footwear manufacturers have bypassed textiles entirely, using plastic bottles or old tires as main components in producing their footwear.

Other Eco-Friendly Practices in the Footwear Industry: Streamlining Processes, Green Packaging, and Overstock Donations

Functioning as a successful shoe company can take a toll on the environment simply, but today manufacturers have choices and economic success does not have to come at the expense of the planet.

Eco-friendly footwear companies are applying the green initiative to all aspects of their business by implementing sustainable corporate policies and green packaging methods. Boxes are being made out of recycled materials and catalogs are being printed on post-consumer paper with soy ink. More and more companies are choosing to eliminate waste by donating overstock and outdated shoes to organizations round the world.

 

Mining Equipment

When individuals hear about exploration, most will think about enormous trucks and bulldozers as the primary mining equipment. While this image holds true today, tools employed for mining have come quite a distance from its roots. Historic miners probably can’t think about the existence of these devices. If you’re curious to discover more, here are a couple of suggestions to get you started.

Pre-historic exploration

Former cultures applied mining as a means to obtain sources for everyday use and weapons. The equipment back then was absolutely nothing more than a high quality flint. In Europe, flint was found in sedimentary rock masses and individuals noticed them as the most effective equipment for excavation. A lot of specialists believe that these rocks also doubled as weapons throughout the Stone Age. Regardless of these extremely limiting equipment, individuals back then had been able to dig and collect crucial minerals and rocks for everyday usage.

Past files

Egypt is one nation known for its wealthy mining background. Evident of which are green stones used for pottery and decorations on some artifacts. The earlier Egyptians frequently excavated for precious metal. Later, they began quarrying for minerals in other countries. In those days, the Egyptians began using iron tools as their mining equipment while searching for minerals. They employed a method known as “fire-setting.” This was their major means of removing gold from dug ores. Through this method, ores that contains gold undergone heating and were doused with water soon after.

The Romans were also accountable for the improvement of mining equipment. They had been the initial civilization to use large-scale methods to assist in bigger quarrying procedures. Their civilization utilised water to function simple devices and remove undesirable debris. Their strategy quickly grew to become popular and was known as hydraulic mining.This mining principle employed high-pressured water jolts to eliminate stones and debris. It will also remove rocks or minerals too.

As civilizations entered the 1300’s, an incredible requirements for swords, armors and weapons came into being. Large numbers of individuals began substantially extracting iron and silver. The demand for coin during this period of time arrived at a fever pitch. This demand in turn resulted in silver scarcity. It’s also along this time that iron grew to become a vital need. Iron is a very important part employed for construction and early machines. Due to these reasons, exploration and mining equipment grew even more popular.

Mining as we all know it

At this time, gear utilized for excavation and extraction evolved. Some grew to become far more complex. As an example, trucks employed for exploration are now much more refined. Several trucks being utilized at present have electronic machines employed for dumping cargo and driving close to the mines. These motor vehicles might also be furnished with sophisticated suspension systems for greater driving performance.

Another device which has come about in current occasions is a green laser light.They are employed primarily as saw guides. You may also rely on them for figuring out alignments. The lights assist miners to quarry lands efficiently thus conserving time and work. Green laser lights also provide better field of vision at evenings or on days with bad field of vision.

Since the world continues to excavate for oil along with other valuable minerals, mining equipment is here to remain. In the future, this gear may have far more refined capabilities to make work simpler for all.

Clothing’s Colour Come From

There are several laws that require clothing labels to detail information about textile fibre composition. This makes life easier for end consumers who care about the fibres used in their clothing. The information not required by law is the dye composition. With imports from developing countries flooding the market, I feel consumers should be made aware of how their bright red organic cotton T-shirt became bright red!

I like to classify dyes as either natural or synthetic dyes. Compounds extracted from plants (or other naturally occurring sources) can be called natural dyes. Synthetic dyes are those that came into being through technology. Considering two of the world’s most polluting industries are synthetic dye manufacture and dye use, we have good reason to worry.

Without a solid background in chemistry, the complete understanding of azo verses azo-free synthetic dyes is a little difficult, but basically azo dyes are synthetic dyes containing nitrogen atoms. Many azo textile dyes can cause hypersensitivity and trigger existing allergies by being absorbed into the body through skin contact. Toxic dye production and use has already taken it’s toll on rivers and waterways in some developing countries that export to the rest of the world. I am not convinced that third world dye houses are totally unaware of the effect of allowing toxic waste to enter the local water system. Education will always be important in helping to combat industrial pollution, but lack of enforcement still allows a large number of dye houses to continue putting profit above environmental issues.

I have heard claims that azo-free dyes are 100% safe for the end user and the environment. I certainly agree that the removal of azo dyes will reduce the risk of health problems to the end user, but I am yet to be convinced that an exhausted synthetic azo-free dye bath will not have a negative effect on the environment if dumped into the water system. Natural dyes, on the other hand, are much safer to dispose of after use without damaging the earth.

Sadly, it is left to the consumer to research all the facts. I still find it strange that organic textiles have already gained popularity, but little to no thought is given by the average consumer into the dyeing process. Surely these two issues should go hand in hand.

The Electric Vacuum Solenoid In Industrial Manufacturing

In manufacturing and industrial situations, the electric vacuum solenoid has many uses. Many people think of the EGR valve as one of the most popular versions, but that simple automotive device is only one of many other important uses for switching solenoid valves. Engineers have found many ways to incorporate the electric vacuum solenoid in assembly lines, triggers to start and stop machines in the building process, or sub-building stages.

As a part moves through stages in an assembly line, the electric vacuum solenoid can be triggered either by passing through a light beam, hitting a pressure weight, or even tripping a mechanical lever.

As the solenoid is triggered, it can be set to perform a single or multiple function, such as open a vacuum circuit that could drive an air blower, send a signal to begin a separate process, or even something as simple as counting items as they pass by that could trigger an entirely different manufacturing process.

In industrial situations, the electric vacuum solenoid can be utilized where sensors can detect a vacuum source to then open or close an electrical circuit, or apply energy to start or stop a process. There are a variety of ways that these simple valves can be put to work in the most complex situations where precise automation is a must. Examples are, tripping a mechanical lever that energizes an electrical circuit to drive a vacuum source to grab a part by a mechanical arm to be moved into the manufacturing process.

Because of the reliability of these simple components, they can be depended on in fast paced production lines where stoppages could impact daily quotas, or hurt delivery schedules. In large factories where it is impossible to stop the assembly process, redundant electric vacuum solenoid vales are installed that can be brought in and out of service quickly and easily in a matter of seconds.

Less complex variations of the electric vacuum solenoid could be used to trigger more complex sensors or devices that need only be activated for a short duration, such as the opening or closing of a door, or to set off an alarm in the absence or presence of a vacuum signal. Commercial kitchens employ such trigger that opens a vacuum single to start a high volume vacuum system that are installed in floors to suck away dust and debris.

Heat can also set off thermos valves that activate vacuum triggers that energize an electrical switch to record temperature or start or stop a process within a particular stage on an assembly line. Heating valves could also initiate solvents or fluids to be applied during a machining process, by stepping on a vacuum lever in the floor, or nudging a switch with your leg.

Clever and ingenious engineers and industrial architects, maximize production by minimizing process complexities and using an electric vacuum solenoid can provide simple yet reliable means to achieving their goals.

 

Concrete Core Drilling

The mechanical process of drilling perfect round shaped holes in any concrete structures, floors and walls is known as concrete core drilling. For concrete cutting services most popularly diamond core cutting tool is used. With help of the drilling tools, professionals can make round holes on horizontal and vertical surfaces of concrete. If necessary, concrete ceilings can also be drilled. After drilling is complete, a slug of concrete is removed from the hole. Drilling and concrete cutting involves a series of processes and it is followed by concrete removal services.

Generally the core holes are made for utility penetrations. To assist works of plumbing, heating, electric wiring etc the concrete cutting services are required. For underground constructional works like vault taps and manhole taps this service is also used. For making way for water pipes, sewer lines, steam pipes, computer lines, phone lines etc through concrete structures, core drilling is required.

For removing a large part of concrete, a series of core holes are drilled in a row overlapping one another. This type of core drilling is also known as line coring or line drilling. This method of core drilling is generally used where other concrete cutting methods are difficult to apply. Line coring is used to remove rectangle or square shaped concrete pieces.

The concrete drilling tool is made of a steel tube and on its drilling end diamond segments are attached. Often the core drilling machine is attached to the floor or surface with help of vacuum pressure or with an anchor and bolt. For concrete cutting handheld core drills are also used by professionals.

For cutting services you can get in touch with professionals. You can also do it yourself with help of proper core drilling equipments. You can rent the required cutting tool for the concrete drilling job. But with help of professional concrete cutters, you will get a fast and effective service whereas you can take up a lot of time doing it yourself.

 

Welding Helmets

The usual welding helmet was all about utility, not appearance. These work magnificently, and there are a lot of picks regarding the effectiveness and user-friendliness of the helmet. An automatic darkening variable shade welding helmet can make life a fair bit less demanding, and an air fed mask lessens the danger of the inhaling of damaging fumes. But what a lot of welders love is to be able to exhibit some uniqueness and if you’re likely to be using the thing all day, why not? This is where custom headgear enter the picture, and the range is Enormous.

One thing to bear in mind about the custom helmet is that they still meet the same stringent industry quality principles as the standard headgear will. They offer auto darkening lens functionality, a wide angle viewing area, lightweight construction, adjustable head straps and lots of comfort, critical if you are wearing it for hours at a time.

Lots of the quality class auto-darkening welding helmet makes such as the Speedglas welding helmet, the Miller products, the Optrel welding products, and the helmets from Jackson welding accessories are all offered with custom decals or air-brushed designs with metallic paint finishes. You can also acquire the helmet from a bespoke business that provides custom patterns and hand-painted finishes that are a genuine work of art. Absolutely not to be thrown about the welding workshop. Artwork may include, but are not restricted to flames, skull designs, grim reapers, sharks and so on, but with the custom welding helmet finishers, you can select from a broad range of artwork, or make your own.

With regards to price, the auto darkening welding mask is normally a fair bit more pricey than the ordinary non darkening versions. Combine the custom design to it and you will be talking in the area of $100 upwards for a superior quality model. The auto darkening models are a fair bit larger than the non-darkening choices, and a bit of weight is added by the batteries and the auto darkening electronics system. Be certain that you get a product that is the proper size for you, and bear in mind that you will still need to utilize a welding hood to be sure of acceptable safety and protection.

Via the internet is a great place to source all the goods a welder could want, from basic welding masks, replacement viewing lens components, ventilator accessories and custom welding masks. Amazon offer a first-class product range, but if you genuinely need to be as distinctive as you can, you may possibly need to take advantage of the true customized companies. Sticking with one of the well known manufacturers and getting it customized will make certain that you get a quality helmet that meets all safety principles, is comfy, and will provide you with years of good service. So get on-line and acquire yourself an outstanding custom welding mask.

 

The Home Staging Industry – Manufacturing Need

The Professional Home Staging industry has exploded in growth over the past 20 years. What once was simply a common sense way to make your home more pleasing to prospective buyers has now become a multi-million-dollar business and practically a necessity for a home seller.

Manufacturing Need: People are generally drawn to things that are esthetically pleasing. Visual images produce feelings. When you have a prospective buyer looking at your home for the first time, you want them to come away with a positive feeling. A buyer who connects with your home on an emotional level is more likely to buy it, and pay more money for it than a buyer who doesn’t make that emotional connection.

Today, home sellers are paying professional stagers hundreds if not thousands of dollars to stage their homes. In the busy world we live in, it’s understandable why many home sellers would want to enlist the services of a professional to stage their home. Even if the cost is high, they may believe they can recoup the expense by getting more money when they do sell their home.

There is clearly some need for professional home staging services. Professional stagers promote their services to sellers who are truly in need of it. But, they then go a step further by often insisting that they are the only ones who can stage a home. They can be resolute in their opinion that the average person simply cannot stage their own home. Professional stagers have hours of specialized training, and they can be adamant that no one without that specialized training can achieve a similar level of staging excellence.

In these challenging economic times, many homeowners simply can’t afford to spend their money on a professional stager, so they set out to stage their homes themselves. Typically, do-it-yourself home stagers are confronted with an angry message of “you can’t do this…and you’re foolish for trying” from many in the professional staging community.

The Staging industry has been fairly successful in selling their message. In fact, they have sold us two messages. The first message, that staging is a good way to prepare your home for sale, seems both practical and truthful. The second message is that you need some level of formalized training to do staging, and no one but a trained professional should make such an attempt. This is where the industry messaging becomes ridiculous.

In its need to manufacture and then solidify its place in the home buying and selling process, the staging industry has cleverly sold us a true message within an implausible message. For the most part, we (consumers, buyers, sellers, realtors) have swallowed it. But, within the context of a self propelling model, it makes for good business.

Beware of perpetual motion machines: As an emerging industry, professional home staging seeks to establish credibility through “accreditation programs.” There are currently a number of individuals proclaiming themselves as authorities and setting up their own accreditation designations. Due to the sheer numbers of classes, books, and DVD’S about becoming a professional home stager, we have hit a tipping point in the professional staging industry. At this point, it appears the monetary core of the industry has shifted to education on how to become a professional stager. The industry’s dependence on the ability to attract more and more professional staging students also requires a sustained propagandized message that only a “professional” can properly stage a home.

In analyzing and removing the bias within the message, one must conclude that any homeowner, with sufficient self-education, motivation and abilities, can effectively market and stage their home for sale. Any message to the contrary is fueled by an agenda that is manufacturing need, and is simply not credible.